The Meme Machine (Popular Science)

What's a meme? First coined through Richard Dawkins in The egocentric Gene, a meme is any concept, habit, or ability that may be transferred from one individual to a different by means of imitation: tales, models, innovations, recipes, songs, methods of plowing a box or throwing a baseball or creating a sculpture. The meme is additionally essentially the most important--and controversial--concepts to emerge on the grounds that The starting place of the Species seemed approximately one hundred fifty years ago.
In The Meme Machine Susan Blackmore boldly asserts: "Just because the layout of bodies may be understood purely when it comes to normal choice, so the layout of our minds could be understood simply by way of memetic selection." certainly, Blackmore indicates that when our far away ancestors received the the most important skill to mimic, a moment type of usual choice started, a survival of the fittest among competing principles and behaviors. principles and behaviors that proved so much adaptive--making instruments, for instance, or utilizing language--survived and flourished, replicating themselves in as many minds as attainable. those memes then handed themselves on from iteration to iteration by means of aiding to make sure that the genes of these who bought them additionally survived and reproduced. employing this idea to many features of human lifestyles, Blackmore bargains outstanding causes for why we are living in towns, why we speak rather a lot, why we won't cease pondering, why we behave altruistically, how we decide our pals, and masses more.
With arguable implications for our non secular ideals, our unfastened will, our very experience of "self," The Meme Machine deals a provocative thought every body will quickly be speaking about.

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Encyclopedia of Anthropology (5 Volume Set)

By H. James Birx

This five-volume Encyclopedia of Anthropology is a distinct number of over 1,000 entries that specializes in subject matters in actual anthropology, archaeology, cultural anthropology, linguistics, and utilized anthropology. additionally integrated are appropriate articles on geology, paleontology, biology, evolution, sociology, psychology, philosophy, and theology. The contributions are authored through over 250 the world over popular specialists, professors, and students from the most wonderful museums, universities, and institutes on this planet. particular awareness is given to human evolution, primate habit, genetics, historical civilizations, sociocultural theories, and the worth of human language for symbolic conversation.

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History of Structuralism, Volume 2: The Sign Sets 1967-Present

By François Dosse

Claude Lévi-Strauss, Roland Barthes, Jacques Lacan, Louis Althusser, Jacques Derrida, and Michel Foucault—the rules of this crew of French intellectuals who propounded structuralism and poststructuralism have had a profound influence on disciplines starting from literary idea to sociology, from anthropology to philosophy, from historical past to psychoanalysis. during this long-awaited translation, heritage of Structuralism examines the thinkers who made up the move, offering a desirable elucidation of a relevant point of postwar highbrow history.

François Dosse tells the tale of structuralism from its beginnings in postwar Paris, a urban ruled by way of the towering determine of Jean-Paul Sartre. The paintings of Saussure turned the purpose of departure for a bunch of more youthful students, and the result was once not just the doom of Sartre as highbrow chief however the start of a circulation that may come to reconfigure French highbrow lifestyles and may ultimately reverberate through the Western world.

Dosse presents a readable, intelligible total account, person who indicates the interrelationship one of the crucial currents of structuralism and situates them in context. Dosse illuminates the way in which advancements in what tend to be unique fields got here to exert such effect on one another, exhibiting how the early structuralists cleared the path for later advancements and for contemporary discourses akin to postmodernism. the forged of characters similar via Dosse contains these pointed out above in addition to Roman Jakobson, Julia Kristeva, Pierre Bourdieu, Gilles Deleuze, Félix Guattari, Tzvetan Todorov, and so on. Chapters are dedicated to significant figures, and Dosse has performed vast interviews with the main and minor figures of the move, furnishing an highbrow historical past within which old gamers glance again on the period.

This first entire heritage of the structuralist move is a necessary advisor to a big second within the improvement of twentieth-century proposal, person who presents a cogent map to a dizzying array of personalities and their rules. will probably be compelling examining for these attracted to philosophy, literary thought, sociology, anthropology, linguistics, and psychoanalysis.

First released in French as Histoire du structuralisme, Éditions l. a. Découverte, Paris, 1991, 1992

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Behavioral Ecology and the Transition to Agriculture (Origins of Human Behavior and Culture)

This cutting edge quantity is the 1st collective attempt by means of archaeologists and ethnographers to exploit suggestions and versions from human behavioral ecology to discover some of the most consequential transitions in human heritage: the origins of agriculture. rigorously balancing idea and specified empirical examine, and drawing from a sequence of ethnographic and archaeological case reports from 11 locations—including North and South the USA, Mesoamerica, Europe, the close to East, Africa, and the Pacific—the individuals to this quantity study the transition from searching and collecting to farming and herding utilizing a large set of analytical types and ideas. those comprise nutrition breadth, important position foraging, perfect unfastened distribution, discounting, chance sensitivity, inhabitants ecology, and expensive signaling. An introductory bankruptcy either charts the fundamentals of the idea and notes parts of quick increase in our knowing of ways human subsistence platforms evolve. concluding chapters through senior archaeologists contemplate the opportunity of human behavioral ecology to give an explanation for domestication and the transition from foraging to farming.

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The Nature of College: How a New Understanding of Campus Life Can Change the World

By James J. Farrell

Stately oaks, ivy-covered partitions, the other intercourse — those are the issues that most likely are evoked for many americans once they take into consideration the "nature" of school. however the actual nature of faculty is hidden in simple sight: it’s flowing out of the keg, it’s woven into the mascots on our T-shirts. carrying out a deep and richly pleasing learn of "campus ecology," The Nature of College explores at some point within the lifetime of the typical pupil, wondering what "natural" is and what "common sense" is admittedly sturdy for and weighing the collective affects of the typical. in any case, this interesting, hugely unique ebook rediscovers and repurposes the good and undying chance offered by means of university: to check the yank lifestyle, and to advance a extra sustainable, higher approach to reside.

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Greek Laughter: A Study of Cultural Psychology from Homer to Early Christianity

By Stephen Halliwell

The 1st publication to supply an built-in analyzing of historic Greek attitudes to laughter. Taking fabric from numerous genres and contexts, the e-book analyses either the speculation and the perform of laughter as a revealing expression of Greek values and mentalities. Greek society constructed certain associations for the social gathering of laughter as a capability that can bridge the space among people and gods; however it additionally feared laughter for its energy to reveal members and teams to disgrace or even violence. stuck among principles of enjoyment and soreness, friendship and enmity, laughter grew to become a topic of recurrent curiosity in quite a few contexts. applying a worldly version of cultural heritage, Stephen Halliwell strains gildings of the subject matter in a chain of significant texts: ranging a ways past glossy money owed of 'humour', he indicates how perceptions of laughter helped to form Greek conceptions of the physique, the brain and the that means of existence.

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L'Anthropologie face aux problèmes du monde moderne

By Claude Lévi-Strauss

Si les lecteurs de Claude Lévi-Strauss retrouvent ici les questions qui sous-tendent ses travaux, les nouvelles générations pourront y découvrir une imaginative and prescient d’avenir proposée par le célèbre anthropologue.Dans ces trois conférences, Claude Lévi-Strauss livre ses inquiétudes kin aux problèmes cruciaux d’un monde sur le element d’entrer dans le XXIe siècle, sur les affinités entre les diverses formes d’« explosions idéologiques » et le devenir des intégrismes. Professeur au Collège de France, Claude Lévi-Strauss est né à Bruxelles le 28 novembre 1908 et mort à Paris le 30 octobre 2009.

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The First Human: The Race to Discover Our Earliest Ancestors

By Ann Gibbons

This dynamic chronicle of the race to discover the "missing links" among people and apes transports readers into the hugely aggressive international of fossil searching and into the lives of the bold scientists motive on pinpointing the sunrise of humankind.

The quest to discover the place and whilst the earliest human ancestors first seemed is likely one of the most enjoyable and hard of all clinical ambitions. the 1st Human is the tale of 4 foreign groups captivated with fixing the secret of human evolution and of the serious rivalries that propel them.

An award-winning technological know-how author, Ann Gibbons introduces many of the maverick fossil hunters and describes their most important discoveries in Africa. there's Tim White, the irreverent and outstanding Californian whose group chanced on the partial skeleton of a primate that lived greater than 4.4 million years in the past in Ethiopia. If White can turn out that it used to be hominid—an ancestor of people and never of chimpanzees or different nice apes—he can lay declare to researching the oldest recognized member of the human relatives. As White painstakingly prepares the bones, the French paleontologist Michel Brunet comes forth with one other, much more startling locate. popular for his paintings within the such a lot distant and adversarial destinations, Brunet and his crew discover a gorgeous cranium in Chad that may set the date of the beginnings of humankind to nearly seven million years in the past. different groups—one led by means of the zoologist Meave Leakey, the opposite through the British geologist Martin Pickford and his accomplice, Brigitte Senut, a French paleontologist—enter the race with landmark discoveries of alternative fossils vying for the prestige of the 1st human ancestor.

Through scrupulous examine and vibrant first-person reporting, the 1st Human takes readers behind the curtain to bare the serious demanding situations of fossil searching on a grand aggressive scale.

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