Lévi-Strauss

By Maurice Godelier

Maurice Godelier, au début de sa carrière, fut un temps maître-assistant auprès de Claude Lévi-Strauss, alors titulaire de l. a. chaire d’anthropologie au Collège de France. Entretenant avec son maître un rapport critique, mais conscient de los angeles puissance de l’oeuvre, il est possible qu’il conçut dès cette époque le projet d’écrire un jour son "Lévi-Strauss". Le voici, somme savante et érudite, fondée sur une relecture ligne à ligne de l’oeuvre de son aîné, décédé en 2009. Et d’abord de son versant théorique et critique : Les constructions élémentaires de l. a. parenté (1949), Les Mythologiques (4 volumes de recension systématique de l. a. mythologie amérindienne, 1964-1971), Anthropologie structurale (1958 et 1973), los angeles Pensée sauvage (1962). Sans pour autant négliger les fameux Tristes tropiques (1955) et Race et histoire (1952). L’objet most popular de ce voyage au coeur de l’ambition structuraliste ? Souligner l. a. richesse du travail accompli, mettre au défi los angeles puissance théorique (le structuralisme lui-même), tenter de dépasser apories et contradictions. Une oeuvre, donc, qui vaut advent à une autre, l’une et l’autre dignes de figurer au best rang des productions de l’intelligence humaine.

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Pax Ethnica: Where and How Diversity Succeeds

By Karl E. Meyer, Shareen Blair Brysac

In a global replete with tales of sectarian violence, we're usually left brooding about: Are there locations the place humans of alternative ethnicities, particularly with major Muslim minorities, dwell in peace? if that is so, why haven’t we heard extra approximately them, and what explains their success?

to reply to those questions, Karl Meyer and Shareen Brysac undertook a two-year exploration of oases of civility, locations amazing for minimum violence, emerging life-expectancy, excessive literacy, and pragmatic compromises on cultural rights. They explored the Indian nation of Kerala, the Russian republic of Tatarstan, town of Marseille in France, the town of Flensburg, Germany, and the borough of Queens, ny. via ratings of interviews, they record methods and signifies that have confirmed profitable in defusing ethnic tensions. This pathbreaking ebook elegantly blends political background, sociology, anthropology, and journalism, to supply immense principles for peace.

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Natural Resource Extraction and Indigenous Livelihoods: Development Challenges in an Era of Globalization

By Emma Gilberthorpe

This e-book offers a longer research of the way source extraction tasks stimulate social, cultural and financial swap in indigenous groups. via a variety of case reviews, together with open forged mining, artisanal mining, logging, deforestation, oil extraction and business fishing, the members discover the demanding situations highlighted in worldwide debates on sustainability, company Social accountability (CSR), and weather switch. The case stories are used to evaluate no matter if and the way improvement tactics may compete and clash with the industry pursuits of establishment organisations and the organizational and ethical ideas of indigenous groups. Emphasizing the views of directly-affected events, the authors determine universal styles within the means within which extraction initiatives are conceptualized, applied and perceived. The booklet presents a deeper figuring out of the dynamics of the human environments the place source extraction happens and its consequent affects on neighborhood livelihoods. Its in-depth case reviews underscore the necessity for elevated social responsibility within the making plans and improvement of normal source extraction initiatives.

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Imagining Landscapes: Past, Present and Future

The landscapes of human habitation usually are not simply perceived; also they are imagined. What half, then, does imagining landscapes play of their belief? The individuals to this quantity, drawn from various disciplines, argue that landscapes are 'imagined' in a feeling extra basic than their symbolic illustration in phrases, photos and different media. much less a method of conjuring up photographs of what's 'out there' than a fashion of residing creatively on this planet, mind's eye is immanent in belief itself, revealing the generative strength of an international that isn't quite a bit ready-made as regularly near to formation. Describing the methods landscapes are endlessly formed by way of the engagements and practices in their population, this cutting edge quantity develops a processual method of either conception and mind's eye. however it additionally brings out the ways that those approaches, lively via the hopes and goals of population, more and more come into clash with the suggestions of exterior actors empowered to impose their very own, ready-made designs upon the area. With a spotlight at the temporal and kinaesthetic dynamics of imagining, Imagining Landscapes foregrounds either time and circulation in knowing how prior, current and destiny are introduced jointly within the inventive, world-shaping endeavours of either population and students. The ebook will entice anthropologists, sociologists and archaeologists, in addition to to geographers, historians and philosophers with pursuits in panorama and setting, background and tradition, creativity, belief and mind's eye.

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Social Dynamics in the Highlands of Southeast Asia (Handbook of Oriental Studies. Section 3 Southeast Asia)

By Mandy Sadan

Drawing on long-term fieldwork and examine in groups from Assam via to Laos, this booklet bargains a different point of reappraisal of the paintings of Edmund Leach and is an important contribution to the improvement of a brand new neighborhood anthropology of Southeast Asia.

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How Traditions Live and Die (Foundations of Human Interaction)

Of every thing we do and say, so much seriously is not repeated or reproduced. infrequently, despite the fact that, an idea or a tradition generates a series of transmission that covers extra distance via area and time than any one individual ever may perhaps. What makes such transmission chains attainable? for 2 centuries, the dominant view (from psychology to anthropology) was once that people owe their cultural prosperity to their powers of imitation. during this view, glossy cultures exist as the those that hold them are proficient at remembering, storing and reproducing info. How Traditions Live and Die proposes a substitute for this general view. What makes traditions dwell isn't really a general-purpose imitation capability. Cultural transmission is partial, selective, usually untrue. a few traditions continue to exist on the other hand, simply because they faucet into frequent and easy cognitive personal tastes. those appealing traditions unfold, now not by means of being larger retained or extra appropriately transferred, yet simply because they're transmitted repeatedly. This idea is used to make clear quite a few puzzles of cultural swap (from the distribution of chook songs to the endurance of kid's rhymes) and to give an explanation for the detailed relation that hyperlinks the human species to its cultures. Morin combines contemporary paintings in cognitive anthropology with new advances in quantitative cultural background, to map and are expecting the diffusion of traditions. This ebook is either an creation and an obtainable replacement to modern theories of cultural evolution.

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Violence Taking Place: The Architecture of the Kosovo Conflict (Cultural Memory in the Present)

By Andrew Herscher

While the development of structure has a spot in architectural discourse, its destruction, commonly obvious as incompatible with the very suggestion of "culture," has been overlooked in theoretical and old dialogue. Responding to this forget, Herscher examines the case of the previous Yugoslavia and specifically, Kosovo, the place focusing on structure has been a famous measurement of political violence. instead of examining violence opposed to structure as a trifling illustration of "deeper" social, political, or ideological dynamics, Herscher finds it to be a sort of cultural creation, irreducible to its contexts and formative of the identities and businesses that probably undergo on it as motives. concentrating on the actual websites the place violence is inflicted and the place its topics and items are articulated, the ebook strains the intersection of violence and structure from socialist modernization, via ethnic and nationalist clash, to postwar reconstruction.

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The Making of Law: An Ethnography of the Conseil d'Etat

By Bruno Latour

During this ebook, Bruno Latour pursues his ethnographic inquiries into the several price structures of recent societies. After technological know-how, expertise, faith, artwork, it truly is now legislations that's being studied by utilizing an analogous comparative ethnographic tools. The case learn is the day-by-day perform of 1 of the French best courtroom, the Conseil d’Etat, really expert in administrative legislations (the identical of the legislations Lords in nice Britain). although the French felony procedure is significantly diversified from the Anglo-American culture, it simply occurs that this department of French legislations, even though created via Napoleon Bonaparte whilst the Code-based approach, is the results of a house grown culture built on precedents. hence, although hugely technical, the situations that varieties the problem of this e-book, aren't so unique for an English conversing viewers.

What makes this research a major contribution to the social stories of legislation is that, due to an unparalleled entry to the collective discussions of judges, Latour has been capable of reconstruct in info the weaving of criminal reasoning : it's truly now not the social that explains the legislation, however the criminal ties that modify what it's to be linked jointly. it truly is therefore an important contribution to Latour’s social conception because it is now attainable to match the methods criminal ties building up institutions with the opposite forms of connections that he has studied in different fields of acticity. His undertaking of an alternate interpretation of the very proposal of society hasn't ever been made clearer than during this paintings. To reuse the name of his first publication, this booklet is in impression the Laboratory lifetime of Law.

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Enquêtes sur les modes d'existence: Une anthropologie des Modernes

By Bruno Latour

About this file:
This is the French version of the booklet. This dossier appears a leak from the publishing corporation because it nonetheless has the printer's marks (color bars / registration marks). The textual content is complete.

Description (FR):
Le spectre de los angeles modernisation hante l. a. planète. On examine les sociétés en fonction de leur plus ou moins grand degré de modernisation ; on s'interroge sur ses vertus, ses risks, son degré d'universalité ou son obsolescence. Or, selected étrange, on manque d’une description anthropologique de ceux qui se désignent comme étant à l’origine de ce mouvement. Que nous est-il donc arrivé ? De quoi pouvons-nous hériter ? remark bien nous présenter face aux autres cultures ? L’auteur a mis au aspect un dispositif d'enquête pour repérer les valeurs multiples et contradictoires auxquelles tiennent ceux qui se disent modernes. Pour suivre le fil de l'expérience, il faut accepter qu'il y ait plusieurs régimes de vérité, plusieurs modes d'existence, plusieurs kinds de raison dont l'enquêteur dressera avec soin les stipulations de félicité et d'infélicité. En procédant ainsi, on revisite tous les domaines dont l'ensemble forme le cœur de notre vie collective : les sciences, les recommendations, mais aussi le droit, los angeles faith, l. a. politique et, bien sûr, l'économie, los angeles plus étrange et los angeles plus ethnocentrique des productions. Ce livre est un prime « rapport d'enquête ». L'anthropologie philosophique qu'il esquisse donne à los angeles comparaison des cultures une autre base que celle d'un entrance universel de modernisation. Il complique l'image que les Modernes ont d'eux-mêmes, mais aussi celle que les autres peuvent avoir sur eux. L'enjeu n'est pas mince au second où les crises écologiques obligent les sociétés à repenser ce qu'elles ont en commun. Les lecteurs pourront participer à l’enquête grâce à un website net. Ils y trouveront l'apparat critique qui complète le livre, mais aussi l'occasion de comprendre autrement les arguments ou même de participer à leur transformation. Les lecteurs deviendront co-producteurs de l. a. model finale de l'ouvrage.

Description (EN):
In this new ebook, Bruno Latour deals solutions to questions raised in now we have by no means Been glossy, a piece that interrogated the connections among nature and tradition. If no longer sleek, he requested, what have we been, and what values should still we inherit? over the last twenty-five years, Latour has constructed a study protocol assorted from the actor-network idea with which his identify is now associated--a learn protocol that follows the differing kinds of connectors that offer particular fact stipulations. those are the connectors that urged a weather scientist challenged by way of a captain of to entice the establishment of technological know-how, with its military of researchers and mountains of knowledge, instead of to "capital-S Science" as a better authority. Such modes of extension--or modes of life, Latour argues here--account for the numerous adjustments among legislations, technological know-how, politics, and different domain names of knowledge.
Though clinical wisdom corresponds to simply one of many many attainable modes of lifestyles Latour describes, an unrealistic imaginative and prescient of technological know-how has turn into the arbiter of fact and fact, seducing us into judging all values by way of a unmarried typical. Latour implores us to recuperate different modes of life which will do justice to the plurality of fact stipulations that Moderns have chanced on all through their background. This systematic attempt of establishing a brand new philosophical anthropology provides a totally diversified view of what Moderns were, and offers a brand new foundation for beginning diplomatic encounters with different societies at a time whilst all societies are dealing with ecological difficulty.

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In Gods We Trust: The Evolutionary Landscape of Religion (Evolution and Cognition)

By Scott Atran

This formidable, interdisciplinary e-book seeks to provide an explanation for the origins of faith utilizing our wisdom of the evolution of cognition. A cognitive anthropologist and psychologist, Scott Atran argues that faith is a derivative of human evolution simply because the cognitive intervention, cultural choice, and ancient survival of faith is an lodging of yes existential and ethical parts that experience advanced within the human condition.

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